The 2018 STC HEALTH INDEX
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RANK COUNTRY INDEX Healthy life expectancy at birth (years) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100 000 live births) Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel (%) Under-five mortality rate (per 1000 live births) Probability of dying from any of CVD, cancer, diabetes, CRD between age 30 and ext age 70k (%) Mortality rate attributed to household and ambient air pollution (per 100 000 population) Mortality rate attributed to exposure to unsafe WASH services (per 100 000 population) Mortality rate attributed to unintentional poisoning (per 100 000 population) Skilled health professional density (per 10 000 population) Average of 13 International Health Regulations core capity scores Proportion of population using improved drinkingwater sources (%) Proportion of population using improved sanitation (%) Food security Score Free Health care Universal Health Care
1 Monaco 1 90 N/A N/A 3.5 N/A N/A N/A N/A 266.3 79 100 100 N/A Free Universal
2 Hong Kong 0.99 84.24 0 100 1.6 N/A N/A N/A N/A 190 N/A 100 99 N/A Free Universal
3 Australia 0.94 71.9 6 99 3.8 8.9 0.4 <0.1 0.5 157.2 100 100 100 83.3 Free Universal
4 Finland 0.93 71 3 100 2.3 10.1 6 0.2 0.6 174.5 96 100 98 81 Free Universal
4 Iceland 0.93 72.7 3 N/A 2 8.3 6.4 <0.1 0.7 201.4 72 100 99 N/A Free Universal
4 Macau 0.93 80.77 0 100 4.3 N/A N/A N/A N/A 36 N/A 100 99 N/A Free Universal
4 Norway 0.93 72 5 99 2.6 9.6 12.7 0.5 1.1 218.3 98 100 98 81.4 Free Universal
4 Sweden 0.93 72 4 N/A 3 9.1 0.4 1.1 0.6 160 93 100 99 81.7 Free Universal
4 Switzerland 0.93 73.1 5 N/A 3.9 8.7 18.5 0.3 0.2 219.3 92 100 100 81.6 Free Universal
10 Canada 0.92 72.3 7 98 4.9 9.8 5.4 0.6 0.6 119.5 100 100 100 82.2 Free Universal
10 Denmark 0.92 71.2 6 98 3.5 11.6 20.3 0.8 0.4 204.6 89 100 100 80.3 Free Universal
10 Germany 0.92 71.3 6 99 3.7 12 32.5 0.9 0.2 176 99 100 99 82.5 Free Universal
10 Japan 0.92 74.9 5 100 2.7 8.8 24.2 0.1 0.5 130.9 100 100 100 79.5 Free Universal
10 Luxembourg 0.92 71.8 10 100 1.9 9.7 19.8 0.1 0.3 152.5 88 100 98 N/A Free Universal
10 New Zealand 0.92 71.6 11 97 5.7 10.4 0.5 0.6 0.3 135.7 96 100 N/A 81 Free Universal
16 France 0.91 72.6 8 98 4.3 10.9 17.2 0.5 0.8 138.3 89 100 99 82.3 Free Universal
16 Ireland 0.91 71.5 8 100 3.6 10.3 14.6 0.3 0.4 150.9 78 98 91 85.6 Free Universal
16 Portugal 0.91 71.4 10 99 3.6 11.3 16.8 0.1 0.3 108 93 100 100 79 Free Universal
16 Singapore 0.91 73.9 10 100 2.7 10.1 20.7 0.1 0.1 75.6 99 100 100 84 Free Universal
20 Austria 0.9 72 4 99 3.5 11.2 34.2 0.1 0.4 133.2 87 100 100 81.6 Free Universal
20 Cyprus 0.9 71.3 7 97 2.7 11.5 19.8 0.3 0.3 64 93 100 100 N/A Free Universal
20 Italy 0.9 72.8 4 100 3.5 9.4 35.2 0.1 0.5 104.2 90 100 100 75.9 Free Universal
20 Malta 0.9 71.7 9 100 6.4 10.5 31.1 <0.1 0.2 125.8 79 100 100 N/A Free Universal
20 Netherlands 0.9 72.2 7 N/A 3.8 11 24 0.2 0.2 116.9 94 100 98 82.8 Free Universal
20 Palau 0.9 69.13 N/A 100 16.4 N/A N/A N/A N/A 72.8 91 N/A 100 N/A Free Universal
20 Spain 0.9 72.4 5 N/A 4.1 10 14.7 0.3 0.4 91.8 95 100 100 78.1 Free Universal
27 Antigua and Barbuda 0.89 67.5 N/A 100 8.1 15.6 N/A N/A 0.6 N/A 81 98 N/A N/A Free Universal
27 Belgium 0.89 71.1 7 N/A 4.1 11.6 30.2 0.5 0.5 127.8 82 100 100 79.8 Free Universal
27 Brunei Darussalam 0.89 70.4 23 100 10.2 12.6 0.2 <0.1 0.2 96.6 92 N/A N/A N/A Free Universal
27 Israel 0.89 72.8 5 N/A 4 9.5 15.8 0.5 0.2 88.8 71 100 100 79.2 Free Universal
27 Niue 0.89 72 N/A 100 23 N/A N/A N/A N/A 116.3 61 99 100 N/A Free Universal
27 Qatar 0.89 67.7 13 100 8 14.2 8.9 <0.1 0.3 76.6 97 100 98 73.3 Free Universal
27 South Korea 0.89 73.2 11 100 3.4 8.3 23.2 0.2 0.6 79 100 N/A 100 74.7 Free Universal
27 United Kingdom 0.89 71.4 9 N/A 4.2 11 25.7 0.4 0.4 112.4 88 100 99 84.2 Free Universal
35 Andorra 0.88 82.8 N/A 100 2.8 N/A N/A N/A N/A 81.3 29 100 100 N/A Free Universal
35 Cook Islands 0.88 74.7 N/A 100 8.1 N/A N/A N/A N/A 69.5 56 100 98 N/A Free Universal
35 Slovenia 0.88 71.1 9 100 2.6 13.2 36.7 <0.1 0.4 113.8 74 100 99 N/A Free Universal
38 Bahrain 0.87 67 15 100 6.2 15.5 11.1 0.1 0.3 33.8 96 100 99 68.6 Free Universal
38 Czech Republic 0.87 69.4 4 100 3.4 15.6 58 0.5 0.5 120 91 100 99 75.8 Free Universal
38 Kuwait 0.87 65.8 4 99 8.6 18 14.2 <0.1 0.2 66.8 85 99 100 74.6 Free Universal
38 San Marino 0.87 83.3 N/A N/A 2.9 N/A N/A N/A N/A 149.1 40 N/A N/A N/A Free Universal
38 Tuvalu 0.87 66.5 N/A 93 27.1 N/A N/A N/A N/A 77.5 89 98 N/A N/A Free Universal
38 United Arab Emirates 0.87 67.9 6 N/A 6.8 17.4 7.3 <0.1 0.3 46.2 91 100 98 70.9 Free Universal
44 Barbados 0.86 66.6 27 99 13 16.2 17.3 0.2 0.5 65.7 84 100 96 N/A Free Universal
44 Greece 0.86 71.9 3 N/A 4.6 12.3 45.1 <0.1 0.3 96.9 76 100 99 71.9 Free Universal
44 Oman 0.86 66.7 17 99 11.6 17.8 14.5 0.4 0.2 48.9 95 93 97 73.9 Free Universal
44 Saudi Arabia 0.86 64.5 12 98 14.5 16.4 27.5 0.2 0.9 77.7 97 97 100 71 Free Universal
44 Uruguay 0.86 67.9 15 100 10.1 16.7 21.4 0.3 0.7 97.9 82 100 96 69.7 Free Universal
49 Chile 0.85 70.4 22 100 8.1 11.5 19.3 0.2 0.3 11.8 79 99 99 74.7 Free Universal
49 Costa Rica 0.85 69.7 25 99 9.7 11.1 16.9 0.7 0.4 19.5 86 98 95 69.3 Free Universal
49 Cuba 0.85 69.2 39 99 5.5 16.4 66 0.7 0.4 155 99 95 93 N/A Free Universal
49 Estonia 0.85 68.9 9 99 2.9 17.2 47 <0.1 0.9 92.9 71 100 97 N/A Free Universal
49 Slovakia 0.85 68.1 6 99 7.3 17.6 64 <0.1 0.5 94.6 95 100 99 70 Free Universal
54 Brazil 0.84 65.5 44 99 16.4 16.9 15.8 1.1 0.2 93 97 98 83 67.7 Free Universal
54 Croatia 0.84 69.4 8 100 4.3 17.1 79.9 <0.1 0.3 92.7 71 100 97 N/A Free Universal
54 Guernsey 0.84 82.16 N/A 100 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 100 99 N/A Free Universal
54 Jersey 0.84 83 N/A 100 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 100 99 N/A Free Universal
54 Liechtenstein 0.84 82.07 N/A 100 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 100 100 N/A Free Universal
54 Malaysia 0.84 66.5 40 99 7 17.1 21.6 0.4 0.6 46.8 100 98 96 66.2 Free Universal
54 Mauritius 0.84 66.8 53 100 13.5 22.5 20.3 0.9 0.1 N/A 70 100 93 N/A Free Universal
54 Seychelles 0.84 65.5 N/A 99 13.6 21.7 N/A N/A 0.5 54.2 88 96 98 N/A Free Universal
62 Argentina 0.83 67.6 52 100 12.5 17.1 24.6 0.7 0.8 N/A 76 99 96 67.3 Free Universal
62 Isle of Man 0.83 81.2 N/A 100 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 100 99 N/A Free Universal
62 Lithuania 0.83 66 10 100 5.2 20.4 73.5 <0.1 1.2 122.8 82 97 92 N/A Free Universal
62 Maldives 0.83 69.6 68 96 8.6 12.4 15.3 0.6 0.6 72 60 99 98 N/A Free Universal
62 Mexico 0.83 67.4 38 96 13.2 15.2 23.5 1.1 0.5 45.8 97 96 85 65.8 Free Universal
62 Poland 0.83 68.7 3 100 5.2 18.4 68.9 <0.1 0.4 80.1 74 98 97 74.4 Free Universal
68 Bahamas 0.81 66.6 80 98 12.1 16.8 20.3 0.1 0.3 67.1 75 98 92 N/A Free Universal
68 Thailand 0.81 66.8 20 100 12.3 16.2 64 1.9 0.5 24.7 98 98 93 58.3 Free Universal
68 Turkey 0.81 66.2 16 97 13.5 16.8 51 0.8 0.5 42.7 78 100 95 61.1 Free Universal
71 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.8 64.6 45 99 18.3 24.4 N/A N/A 0.5 N/A 65 95 N/A N/A Free Universal
71 Taiwan 0.8 80.02 N/A 100 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 78 N/A 100 99 N/A Free Universal
71 Venezuela 0.8 65.2 95 100 14.9 17.9 20.5 1.3 0.3 N/A 94 93 94 50.2 Free Universal
74 Colombia 0.79 65.1 64 99 15.9 14.6 22 0.8 0.3 22.2 89 91 81 60.1 Free Universal
74 Hungary 0.79 67.4 17 99 5.9 22.9 122.8 <0.1 0.4 98.8 85 100 98 72.2 Free Universal
74 Latvia 0.79 67.1 18 98 7.9 22.9 101.6 <0.1 1.4 82.5 91 99 88 N/A Free Universal
74 Nauru 0.79 67.1 N/A 97 35.4 N/A N/A N/A N/A 78.8 42 97 66 N/A Free Universal
74 Saint Lucia 0.79 66.1 48 99 14.3 19.7 N/A N/A 0.3 19.6 77 96 91 N/A Free Universal
79 Ecuador 0.78 67 64 96 21.6 13.1 12.8 1.8 0.8 37.5 81 87 85 55.2 Free Universal
79 Macedonia 0.78 67.5 8 100 5.5 22.2 137.5 <0.1 0.4 70.1 90 99 91 N/A Free Universal
79 Trinidad and Tobago 0.78 63.3 63 100 20.4 25.6 26.8 0.2 0.4 47.5 73 95 92 N/A Free Universal
82 Jamaica 0.77 66.9 89 99 15.7 15.2 35.6 1.9 0.5 14.8 83 94 82 N/A Free Universal
82 Samoa 0.77 66.6 51 83 17.5 22 N/A N/A 0.7 23.6 75 99 92 N/A Free Universal
84 United States of America 0.76 69.1 14 99 6.5 13.6 12.1 0.6 1.2 117.8 96 99 100 84.6 Not Free Not Universal
84 Albania 0.76 68.8 29 99 14 14.7 166.1 0.2 0.3 N/A N/A 95 93 N/A Free Universal
84 Belarus 0.76 65.1 4 100 4.6 28.6 100.8 0.2 3.6 149.7 90 100 94 63 Free Universal
84 Montenegro 0.76 67.9 7 99 4.7 22 137.6 <0.1 0.7 76.9 56 100 96 N/A Free Universal
88 Libya 0.75 63.8 9 100 13.4 20.3 33.2 0.6 0.8 90 64 N/A 97 N/A Free Not Universal
88 Fiji 0.75 62.9 30 99 22.4 31.4 95.1 3 0.5 27.3 98 96 91 N/A Free Universal
88 Kazakhstan 0.75 63.3 12 100 14.1 28.6 90 1.2 2.8 111.4 78 93 98 56 Free Universal
88 Moldova 0.75 64.8 23 100 15.8 23.1 101.4 <0.1 1.5 78.5 81 88 76 N/A Free Universal
88 Peru 0.75 65.6 68 90 16.9 12.7 33 1.3 1.1 26.1 70 87 76 59.2 Free Universal
88 Romania 0.75 66.8 31 99 11.1 21.3 129.5 <0.1 0.7 89.1 77 100 79 67.7 Free Universal
88 Tunisia 0.75 66.7 62 74 14 16.8 42.6 0.8 0.6 48.4 55 98 92 58.8 Free Universal
95 Russia 0.74 63.3 25 100 9.6 29.3 98.6 0.2 2.1 78.8 99 97 72 66.2 Free Universal
95 Serbia 0.74 67.7 17 100 6.7 20.4 137.3 0.3 0.5 75.1 37 99 96 60.6 Free Universal
95 Sri Lanka 0.74 67 30 99 9.8 17.7 125.4 3.3 0.4 24.8 79 96 95 53 Free Universal
98 Uzbekistan 0.73 62.4 36 100 39.1 26.9 76.5 2.4 1.5 141 83 N/A 100 47.5 Free Universal
99 Armenia 0.72 66.8 25 100 14.1 23.2 93.2 1.1 0.7 78 96 100 90 N/A Free Not Universal
99 Azerbaijan 0.72 64.7 25 100 31.7 23.8 47 2.1 0.7 97.5 84 87 89 57.8 Free Not Universal
99 Belize 0.72 62.3 28 94 16.5 22.5 17.1 1.2 0.8 25.8 55 100 91 N/A Not Free Universal
99 Ukraine 0.72 64.1 24 100 9 28.9 140.4 0.4 3 96.8 99 96 96 54.1 Free Universal
103 Egypt 0.71 62.2 33 92 24 23.5 50.9 1.6 0.5 22.5 94 99 95 56.6 Free Not Universal
103 El Salvador 0.71 64.1 54 98 16.8 14.2 42.7 2.4 0.4 24.1 94 94 75 53.1 Free Not Universal
103 Paraguay 0.71 65.2 132 96 20.5 17.8 54.5 2.3 0.5 23.3 79 98 89 56.5 Free Universal
103 Tonga 0.71 66 124 96 16.7 24.1 N/A N/A 1.4 44.1 74 100 91 N/A Free Universal
107 Algeria 0.7 66 140 97 25.5 15 30.6 2.4 1.1 31.2 73 84 88 51.5 Free Universal
107 Georgia 0.7 66.5 36 100 11.9 22.2 204.9 0.2 0.9 86 82 100 86 N/A Free Universal
109 Panama 0.69 68.1 94 94 17 13.7 22.9 4.1 0.6 38.5 71 95 75 62.5 Free Not Universal
109 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.69 68.6 11 100 5.4 17.6 230.6 <0.1 1.9 74.8 57 100 95 N/A Free Universal
109 Bulgaria 0.69 66.4 11 100 10.4 23.8 217.3 <0.1 0.8 88.6 69 99 86 62.9 Free Universal
112 Vanuatu 0.68 64.6 78 89 27.5 22.3 N/A N/A 0.9 24 43 95 58 N/A Free Universal
113 Iran 0.67 66.6 25 96 15.5 14.8 35.2 0.9 1.4 30.4 85 96 90 N/A Not Free Not Universal
113 Lebanon 0.67 65.7 15 N/A 8.3 18.4 29.1 0.4 0.4 49.4 76 99 81 N/A Not Free Not Universal
113 Cabo Verde 0.67 64.4 42 92 24.5 16.1 56.1 4.5 0.5 8.7 62 92 72 N/A Free Not Universal
113 Viet Nam 0.67 66.6 54 94 21.7 17.3 83.2 2 1 24.1 99 98 78 54 Free Not Universal
117 Jordan 0.66 65 58 100 17.9 19.6 21.2 1 0.7 55.1 72 97 99 58.3 Not Free Not Universal
117 Botswana 0.66 56.9 129 100 43.6 18.6 39.1 9.2 1.5 31.1 62 96 63 59.4 Free Universal
119 Kyrgyzstan 0.64 63.8 76 98 21.3 24 87.1 1.8 0.9 77.1 50 90 93 N/A Free Not Universal
119 Indonesia 0.64 62.2 126 87 27.2 26.6 85 3.6 0.5 15.7 99 87 61 51.3 Free Universal
121 Grenada 0.63 65 27 99 11.8 25.3 N/A N/A 0.8 45.2 66 97 98 N/A Not Free Not Universal
121 Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.63 75.7 N/A 100 10.5 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 60 98 N/A N/A Not Free Not Universal
121 Morocco 0.63 64.9 121 74 27.6 16.7 25.1 3.4 0.7 14.9 95 85 77 52.8 Free Not Universal
124 Iraq 0.62 60 50 91 32 22 33.5 3.9 0.5 26.6 91 87 86 N/A Not Free Not Universal
124 Syrian Arab Republic 0.62 56.1 68 96 12.9 23.9 30 1.8 0.7 38.5 63 90 96 N/A Not Free Not Universal
124 Honduras 0.62 64.9 129 83 20.4 13.9 54.6 7.9 0.6 15.2 83 91 83 48.6 Free Not Universal
124 Bhutan 0.62 61.2 148 75 32.9 23.1 58.9 7.1 0.9 13.4 76 100 50 N/A Free Universal
128 Dominican Republic 0.6 65.1 92 98 30.9 18.7 26.1 1.9 0.4 28.3 71 85 84 54.8 Not Free Not Universal
128 Guatemala 0.6 62.1 88 66 29.1 15.5 37.3 9.2 1.2 17.6 55 93 64 49.6 Free Not Universal
128 Nicaragua 0.6 63.7 150 88 22.1 16.3 63.9 3.5 0.6 23 88 87 68 50 Free Not Universal
128 South Africa 0.6 54.5 138 94 40.5 26.5 51.6 12.1 1.2 58.8 100 93 66 64 Free Not Universal
128 Kiribati 0.6 59.1 90 98 55.9 28.2 N/A N/A 2 48.2 60 67 40 N/A Free Universal
133 Philippines 0.59 61.1 114 73 28 28.6 88.7 5.1 0.2 N/A 87 92 74 47.3 Free Not Universal
133 North Korea 0.59 64 82 100 24.9 26.5 238.4 1.4 2.3 68.7 73 100 82 N/A Free Universal
135 China 0.58 68.5 27 100 10.7 18.1 161.1 0.4 1.6 31.5 98 96 77 63.7 Not Free Not Universal
136 Mongolia 0.58 62 44 99 22.4 29.9 132.4 3.1 2.2 65.6 86 64 60 N/A Free Not Universal
137 Suriname 0.57 63.1 155 90 21.3 20.9 22.1 0.8 0.7 N/A 72 95 79 N/A Not Free Not Universal
138 Dominica 0.56 76.6 N/A 100 21.2 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 62 N/A N/A N/A Not Free Not Universal
138 Marshall Islands 0.56 65.24 N/A 90 36 N/A N/A N/A N/A 40.1 51 95 77 N/A Not Free Not Universal
138 Guyana 0.56 58.9 229 86 39.4 27.8 84.7 4 1 7.4 85 98 84 N/A Free Universal
141 Tajikistan 0.55 62.1 32 90 44.8 25.8 92 7.5 1.9 64.4 94 74 95 35.9 Not Free Not Universal
142 Solomon Islands 0.54 62.1 114 86 28.1 26.4 54.3 10.4 1.3 22.1 57 81 30 N/A Free Not Universal
143 Namibia 0.53 57.5 265 88 45.4 18.6 48 9.8 2 31.3 81 91 34 N/A Free Universal
144 Micronesia 0.52 62.5 100 100 34.7 25.9 N/A N/A 1.1 38 86 89 57 N/A Not Free Not Universal
144 Turkmenistan 0.52 59.8 42 100 51.4 34.5 70.9 5.8 1.2 68.5 84 N/A N/A N/A Not Free Not Universal
144 India 0.52 59.5 174 81 47.7 23.3 133.7 27.4 1.9 27.5 98 94 40 48.9 Free Universal
147 Bangladesh 0.5 62.3 176 42 37.6 21.5 68.6 6 0.3 6 76 87 61 39.7 Free Not Universal
147 Gabon 0.5 57.2 291 89 50.8 16.3 50.1 28.1 1.5 N/A 52 93 42 N/A Free Universal
149 Sao Tome and Principe 0.48 59.1 156 93 47.3 18 N/A N/A 1.4 N/A 16 97 35 N/A Free Not Universal
150 Timor-Leste 0.47 60.7 215 29 52.6 20.7 91.6 10.3 1 12.7 66 72 41 N/A Free Universal
150 Zambia 0.47 53.6 224 63 64 17.2 65.4 24.5 2.9 8.3 92 65 44 32.4 Free Universal
152 Myanmar 0.45 59.2 178 60 50 24.5 128.2 10.4 1.8 15 84 81 80 44.8 Free Not Universal
152 Rwanda 0.45 55.5 290 91 41.7 20.4 68.6 19.4 2.7 7.3 46 76 62 39.8 Free Universal
154 Cambodia 0.43 58.9 161 89 28.7 23.3 71.4 5.6 0.9 11.2 55 76 42 43.3 Not Free Not Universal
154 Nepal 0.43 61.1 258 56 35.8 21.8 103.2 12.9 0.6 N/A 72 92 46 44.5 Free Not Universal
156 Bolivia 0.41 62.2 206 85 38.4 16 48.9 7 4.5 14.8 77 90 50 51.3 Not Free Not Universal
157 Laos 0.4 57.9 197 40 66.7 25.8 108.3 13.9 1.3 10.4 75 76 71 33.1 Free Not Universal
158 Djibouti 0.39 55.8 229 87 65.3 19.4 81.8 26.4 3 7.9 46 90 47 N/A Free Not Universal
159 Pakistan 0.36 57.8 178 52 81.1 24.7 87.2 20.7 1.5 14.1 53 91 64 47.8 Not Free Not Universal
160 Papua New Guinea 0.35 56.4 215 53 57.3 36.1 46.3 12.4 2 5.9 64 40 19 N/A Free Not Universal
161 Ghana 0.34 55.3 319 71 61.6 21.3 80 20 1.6 10.2 74 89 15 47.9 Not Free Universal
162 Uganda 0.29 54 343 57 54.6 21.6 70.5 30.3 3.1 14.6 73 79 19 43.3 Free Not Universal
163 Senegal 0.28 58.3 315 53 47.2 17.9 45.7 25.4 2.1 4.9 30 79 48 44.2 Not Free Not Universal
163 Swaziland 0.28 50.9 389 88 60.7 25.1 62.6 22.7 3.3 15.3 56 74 58 N/A Free Not Universal
165 Ethiopia 0.27 56.1 353 28 59.2 19.3 57.4 29.6 2.5 2.8 79 57 28 33.3 Free Not Universal
165 Burkina Faso 0.27 52.6 371 66 88.6 23 96.5 40.9 3.1 6.8 50 82 20 33.1 Free Universal
167 Tanzania 0.25 54.1 398 49 48.7 17.8 51.4 27.6 2.4 4.6 67 56 16 35.4 Free Not Universal
168 Congo 0.22 56.6 442 94 45 17.8 93.2 48.1 1.8 10.5 44 77 15 Free Not Universal
168 Togo 0.22 52.8 368 45 78.4 22.4 81.1 37.9 2.5 3.6 74 63 12 37.2 Free Not Universal
170 Madagascar 0.21 56.9 353 44 49.6 23.7 85.2 26.6 2.4 3.6 29 52 12 27.2 Free Not Universal
171 Comoros 0.2 55.9 335 82 73.5 22.6 73.5 28.6 3.7 N/A 29 90 36 N/A Not Free Not Universal
171 Sudan 0.2 55.9 311 78 70.1 25.7 64.5 34.6 4.2 42.2 71 N/A N/A 34.8 Not Free Not Universal
171 Equatorial Guinea 0.2 51.2 342 68 94.1 25 99.3 57.3 2.9 N/A 27 48 75 N/A Free Not Universal
171 Yemen 0.2 57.7 385 45 41.9 30.9 61.3 13 2.9 10.7 46 N/A N/A 28.8 Free Not Universal
175 Zimbabwe 0.19 52.3 443 78 70.7 18.4 52.9 27.1 2.1 12.7 73 77 37 N/A Not Free Not Universal
176 Benin 0.18 52.5 405 77 99.5 22.2 92.6 32.2 3.2 7.5 28 78 20 39.6 Free Not Universal
177 Lesotho 0.16 46.6 487 78 90.2 23.6 80.4 28.3 3.1 N/A 74 82 30 N/A Free Not Universal
178 Haiti 0.14 55.4 359 49 69 24.3 115.2 28.5 2.8 N/A 56 58 28 29.1 Not Free Not Universal
178 Kenya 0.14 55.6 510 62 49.4 17.8 60 32.5 2 10.7 69 63 30 42.2 Not Free Not Universal
180 Malawi 0.11 51.2 634 90 64 20.2 72.7 26.1 2.7 3.5 40 90 41 31.3 Free Not Universal
181 Afghanistan 0.08 52.2 396 51 91.1 31 114.8 34.6 1.6 6.6 42 55 32 N/A Not Free Not Universal
182 Mozambique 0.07 49.6 489 54 78.5 22.9 65.7 37.9 3.3 4.6 69 51 21 33.7 Not Free Not Universal
183 Côte d'Ivoire 0.02 47 645 59 92.6 28.4 90.7 44.1 4 6.2 78 82 23 42.5 Free Not Universal
184 Cameroon 0.01 50.3 596 65 87.9 22.4 91.8 40.9 3.1 6 54 76 46 41.6 Not Free Not Universal
185 Eritrea 0.01 55.9 501 34 46.5 25.4 84.9 34.9 3.6 N/A 49 58 16 N/A Not Free Not Universal
186 Mauritania 0 55.1 602 65 84.7 18.5 64.6 28.9 2.4 7.8 29 58 40 N/A Not Free Not Universal
187 Guinea-Bissau 0 51.5 549 45 92.5 18.8 106.5 48.9 2.8 7.3 49 79 21 N/A Not Free Not Universal
188 Gambia 0 53.8 706 57 68.9 20.4 71.2 21 2.6 10 33 90 59 N/A Not Free Not Universal
189 Niger 0 54.2 553 40 95.5 17.8 111.7 69.2 3.6 1.6 75 58 11 29.5 Not Free Not Universal
190 Mali 0 51.1 587 49 114.7 24.4 117.1 61.1 3.2 5.3 55 77 25 39.4 Not Free Not Universal
191 Democratic Republic of the Congo 0 51.7 693 80 98.3 20.3 118.5 107.8 3.6 10.5 71 52 29 25.5 Free Not Universal
192 Guinea 0 51.7 679 45 93.7 20.3 89.3 40.7 2.9 N/A 57 77 20 34 Not Free Not Universal
193 Liberia 0 52.7 725 61 69.9 17.1 71.3 25 2.1 2.8 26 76 17 N/A Not Free Not Universal
194 Angola 0 45.8 477 47 156.9 24.8 105.8 111.2 5.7 15.9 18 49 52 33.2 Not Free Not Universal
195 Burundi 0 52.2 712 60 81.7 21.6 106.5 68.4 5.6 N/A 62 76 48 25.1 Not Free Not Universal
196 Nigeria 0 47.7 814 35 108.8 20.8 99 50.9 3.1 18.3 64 69 29 38.4 Not Free Not Universal
197 South Sudan 0 49.9 789 19 92.6 20.3 95.1 50 3.9 N/A 50 59 7 N/A Not Free Not Universal
198 Central African Republic 0 45.9 882 40 130.1 23.6 97 102.3 4.9 3 29 69 22 N/A Free Not Universal
199 Chad 0 46.1 856 20 138.7 23 124.2 92.8 5 3.5 40 51 12 28.3 Not Free Not Universal
200 Somalia 0 47.8 732 9 136.8 20.2 116.9 98.8 3.7 1.1 6 N/A N/A N/A Not Free Not Universal
201 Sierra Leone 0 44.4 1360 60 120.4 30.3 143.8 90.4 4.7 3.4 47 63 13 28.7 Not Free Not Universal

The quality of the healthcare system is part of the product when you decide to relocate to a new location. Our ranking reviews the overall impact of the healthcare system and the general health of the local population. Depending on your financial means, the cost of health coverage can have an important impact on total cost of relocation.

A good example is the U.S.A.; you will possibly find the best doctors and treatment facilities, but at a very high cost. Even with private insurance coverage, you will still need to pay some amount from your own pocket (generally 1/3 of the total bill). The salaries of U.S. doctors are the highest in the world, and highly inflated by the fact that many come out of medical school with approximately $0.5M– in student loan debt.

Universal healthcare is less valuable the more money you have. As an immigrant, it important to verify whether you receive the publicly funded health care. In relocation costs, healthcare cost is based on immigration status.

The Health Index is a country based index.

Life Expectancy: Average number of years that a new-born is expected to live if current mortality rates continue to apply.

% of Birth Attended by Skilled: The proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel is the proportion of total live births that are attended by a skilled birth attendant trained in providing lifesaving obstetric care.

% of Improved Sanitation: Sanitation facilities that are not considered as "improved" (also called "unimproved") are: Public or shared latrine (meaning a toilet that is used by more than one household), flush/pour flush to elsewhere (not into a pit, septic tank, or sewer) and pit latrine without slab.

% of Improved Drinking: An improved drinking-water source is defined as one that, by nature of its construction or through active intervention, is likely to be protected from outside contamination, in particular from contamination with fecal matter.

Under 5 Mortality Rate: The under-five mortality rate refers to the probability of dying before age 5 years per 1,000 new-borns. (c) Unit of Measurement: Per thousand live births.

Cancer Death Rate 30-70 years: Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of cells, which can invade and spread to other sites in the body. Cancer can have severe health consequences, and is a leading cause of death. Lung, prostate, colorectal, stomach, and liver cancer are the most common types of cancer in men, while breast, colorectal, lung, uterine cervix, and stomach cancer are the most common among women. The rate is for men between the ages of 30 and 70 years old.

Mortality rate attributed to household and ambient air pollution: National estimates of mortality from air pollution are calculated using country data on the proportion of households using polluting fuel or technology combinations, mean levels of particulate matter in the ambient air, and estimates of deaths by cause.

Mortality rate from unintentional poisoning: National estimates of mortality due to unintentional poisonings are primarily derived from data collected in CRVS systems. In countries with high-quality CRVS systems, accurate registration of deaths from unintentional poisonings, and in particular distinguishing these from intentional poisonings, remains a challenge.

Physician Rate per 10,000 hab: Physicians are defined as graduates of any facility or school of medicine who are working in the country in any medical field (practice, teaching and research).

Global Food Security Index: The Global Food Security Index considers the core issues of affordability, availability, and quality across a set of 109 countries. The index is a dynamic quantitative and qualitative benchmarking model, constructed from 28 unique indicators, which measures these drivers of food security across both developing and developed countries.

Core Capacity Score: Average of 13 Internationals Health Regulations core capacity scorestest.

Free Health Care: Free Health Care refers to a publicly funded health care that provides primary services free of charge or a nominal fee to all it's citizen, with no exclusion based on wealth

Universal Health Care: Universal health care, sometimes referred to as universal health coverage, universal coverage, or universal care, usually refers to a health care system that provides healthcare and financial protection to more than 90% of the citizens of a particular country.

The vast majority of the data was taken from the World Health Organization World Health 2017 Statistics Monitoring http://www.who.int/

Global Food Security Index by the Economist Intelligence Unit http://foodsecurityindex.eiu.com/

Universal Health Care is taken from our data-based and researched individually in government websites, WHO and Pacific Prime Insurance.